Many businesses have long-term assets on their balance sheets. For an asset to be considered long-term it needs to be held on a company’s balance sheet for more than a year and cannot be intended for sale. Examples of long-term assets include physical assets such as property, plant and equipment (PP&E) – machines, buildings, office equipment, vehicles, fixtures, land, computers, etc. These are all tangible assets. However, there are some intangible assets that are considered long-term such as goodwill, patents, research and development, and copyrights.
Taxes and New York State. When the two are said in the same sentence it usually met with “gasps” and “eye rolls” that can be heard and seen miles away. It is no secret that New York State has high taxes, with some suburbs outside of New York City paying the highest income taxes in the nation. This often leads to relocation of businesses and individuals. One review by Gannett found that New York has the “highest out-migration rate of residents in the nation." This all leads to the implementation of programs to help individuals and businesses such as Start-Up NY, and the Excelsior Jobs Program.
Divorce is difficult. Dividing assets and wealth throughout the process is often complicated and fraught with emotion. However, from a tax and financial perspective, planning opportunities exist when both parties are invested in everyone’s best interest. When we are dealing with situations of divorce, we use our expertise to make sure our clients understand that different assets have different tax liabilities, and we make sure they understand how certain assets of theirs will be taxed. In situations where there are significant assets, deciding who should get what can be a challenge, even in the most agreeable situations.
The proposed tax legislation is still far from law, but the not for profit community may be negatively impacted by the current proposals. Simply put, many taxpayers who currently itemize, may take the standard deduction under the proposed legislation thereby reducing the benefit of making a charitable contribution.
Imagine this – a husband and wife own a sales company and they purchase two passenger automobiles to be used in the course of business. The automobiles are available for personal use, but the husband and wife claim that they are primarily used to transport and entertain clients that are in town. While this fact pattern points to a valid business deduction for the automobiles, the IRS disagreed. This was part of a larger case that went to US Tax Court (Brent Mcminn and Lynette Mcminn v. Commissioner), which disallowed the deduction on the grounds that the automobiles were listed property and business use could not be substantiated.